The Global Legislation of Psychotropic Substances

The International agreements constitute the legal reference on Psychotropic Substances, where three conventions have drawn the legal framework for internationally prohibited.

The Single Convention for the year 1961 (amended by the protocol of 1972), which made the natural Psychotropic Substances, in particular under control.

Convention for the year 1971, which targets the industrial compounds such as diethyl acid (L S) amphetamines, buprenorphine and Benzodiazepine.

United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic for the year 1988, aimed at framing the penal system international cooperation concerning the combat the prohibited trade, as provided in the Convention, aims to control substances used in the manufacture called (Precursor chemicals), where some of these substances can be used in the chemicals industry on a large scale.

These three conventions are based on a system that classifies products according to their potential overconsumption or addiction, as well as its damage to the public health, and the substances have been distributed in four tables that take into consideration the potential risk of the product, and its medical advantage on the other hand, and the list of classifications that can be modified by a decision of The United Nations Commission, following a recommendation of the World Health Organization.

It can be said that what determines whether the product or psychotropic is its classification in the aforementioned list and not the other way around, it is even more confusing in this the point is that the expression (mentally influential) does not comply with the common definition at the present time, although the lists adopted by the conventions are imposed on the signatory country, they could add products to the classification.

When signing the abovementioned agreements, the signatory countries are obliged to only use any of the classified products for medical and scientific purposes, where Article 3/2 of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in of 1988 states as follows:

Each country must take the necessary measures, within the framework of its domestic law, to criminalize the possession or cultivation for personal consumption.

As a result, the legislative discretion is relatively limited for these Member States, which explains the peculiar interpretation of the European legislative text for example. However the observed differences reflect the diversity of contexts and means of application rather than the different text of the law.

As a result, the efforts made in any country to combat could be considered to be in the interest of other countries as long as they had the same goal of limiting the spread of drug crimes and the goal of unifying the global drug phenomenon, which required the unification of the legislative basis on which the signatory countries were based To the three conventions, the International Board control monitors the application of the provisions of these conventions and it renders the opinion regarding the interpretation of legal texts and may invite States to develop their policy in this area in compliance with the evolution of drug offences.

The Difference Between Federal Law and State Law

When you or someone you love is facing criminal charges, it is wise to start doing your research in order to better understand the law and what you might expect during the judicial process. The most fundamental place to start is to learn the difference between state and federal law. One area of law involves misdemeanor convictions, while the other deals with felonies. Continue reading to learn what you need to know about state and federal law, including what they are, when they were created, who created them, their constitutional power, and much more.

State Law

State law refers to the laws that each individual state in the United States of America use to govern their citizens. They are sanctioned by the state legislature, and implemented upon the governor’s signature. State laws are only applicable in their own state, however, many states share the same types of laws. Not only do these laws pertain to both residents and visitors to the state, they also apply to business entities, corporations, and all other organizations that operate within the state borders.

When a person breaks a law on a state level, they face being convicted of a misdemeanor. There are multiple levels of misdemeanors, all of which come with their own separate set of penalties and procedures.

Federal Law

Federal law was created by the United States Congress. Before a law can become a federal one, a bill must be passed by both houses of Congress, and signed off by the President of the United States. These laws pertain to everyone in all 50 states in the country, regardless of citizenship. The U.S. Constitution shapes the foundation for federal law by establishing government power and responsibility, as well as protecting citizen rights.

When a person breaks a law on a federal level, they face being convicted of a felony offense. There are multiple levels of felonies, all of which come with their own separate set of repercussions. Common federal offenses include murder, sexual assault, fraud, theft, and drug trafficking.

Comparing Power

Most often, state laws are parallel with federal laws, but sometimes they do conflict with one another. When it comes to dominance, Federal law always prevails over state law because the U.S. Constitution gives the federal government superiority over the state government. So if there is ever a case in which both levels of the law are conflicting, the federal ruling will apply.

On the other hand, if the state law provides more rights to a citizen, it is presumed to prevail over federal law. Although state laws can give its residents more rights than federal law, they are not intended to lessen or restrict the rights of a U.S. citizen.